Here are some examples of the different types of roles available across the diverse field that is public health.

Public health activities

Health improvement

  • Reducing smoking
  • Reducing harmful drinking
  • Reducing drugs misuse and dependence
  • Reducing obesity and improving diet
  • Increasing physical activity
  • Improving mental health
  • Reducing health inequalities and the social gradient of health
  • Improving living conditions
  • Reducing homelessness
  • Reducing worklessness
  • Improving social support and social isolation

Health protection

  • Emergency planning
  •  Vaccinations and public health programmes
  • Anti microbial resistance
  • Sexual health and STI
  • Food safety, water and air pollution

Public health service improvement

By researching, auditing and evaluating the ways in which public health services are currently delivered and their impact, it is possible to suggest and implement ways of delivering those services that may result in improved outcomes or cost savings.


Public health roles

Improving peoples health

  • Community Health Improvement Practitioner
  • Health Improvement Specialist
  • Health Trainer
  • Health Visitor
  • Service Health Improvement Manager

Protecting peoples health

  • Public Health Scientist
  • Microbiologist
  • Emergency Planning Officer
  • Infection Control Nurse
  • Screening facilitator

Public health intelligence

  • Epidemiologist
  • Health Intelligence Analysist

NHS roles with a public health aspect

  • Dentists
  • Community pharmacists
  • Opticians
  • Midwives
  • GPs
  • Medical professionals
  • Practice nurses
  • District nurses
  • Occupational health nurses
  • Allied health professionals

Public sector roles with a public health aspect

  • Teachers (e.g. teachers of physical education or citizenship; teachers with leadership or pastoral care responsibilities)
  • School catering staff
  • Leisure centre staff
  • Social workers
  • Police officers
  • Fire and rescue services
  • Housing officers
  • Trading standards officers
  • Town planners

Voluntary sector (third sector) roles with a public health aspect

  • Unpaid volunteer
  • Paid advice worker
  • Services manager
  • Trainer
  • Campaign manager
  • Senior advocate for work of third sector
  • Director of charity


Pathways into Public Health

  • Apprenticeships into Public Health
  • Undergraduate degrees
  • Masters in Public Health
  • Public Health Practitioner Programme
  • Faculty of Public Health 5 year speciality training programme